Essays Overpopulation Solutions

Overpopulation or the increase of population without controlling is one of the most significant issues in many countries. It has existed at all level of society and can have a negative impact upon individuals, communities and governments. This essay will discuss some major effects and present some possible solutions for overpopulation.

To begin with, one main effect of overpopulation is that the number of people who do not have job may increase dramatically. Because of too many people, companies can not take every people to work for them. They just only can take the people who are very excellent and eliminate the people who have a normal or low quality. Therefore, this will lead to unemployment. In fact, China is one of the most countries which has a high number of jobless people because of overpopulation.

A second major effect which results from overpopulation is lack of land. Too many people live in one place so there may be no more land for everybody to live. The cost of land is rising every day so some people have to live under the bridge or dirty place which can be harmful for their health. For example, in Vietnam some families live next to polluted river because they do not have enough money to buy a land.

The first solution to solve overpopulation is that the government should give the family planning to every places in the country, especially remote areas. In some places in high mountain, ethnic minorities do not have much knowledge about overpopulation. But if the government gives the family planning to them, they will know the disadvantages of overpopulation, so they can avoid it. For instance, in nearly five years, because of having good family planning , some ethnic minorities in Vietnam have decreased the number of people in family to 2 people instead of 10 people like before.

Another solution for overpopulation is limiting the migration to cities. More people want to move from rural area to urban area because of job opportunities and better services. Thus, the only way to prevent migration is that companies should create jobs for people who live in countryside and the government should also make better services by building more hospitals or schools. Therefore, people may stop moving to the city.

In conclusion, two effects result from overpopulation is the unemployment and lack of land. On the other hand, the government should make a better family planning and limit the migration to cities to reduce the overpopulation.

Please give the feedback for me as soon as possible because I will have a test about causes, effects and solutions essay on Tuesday. Thanks!!! :)

Understanding the IELTS overpopulation essay question

One of the most pressing problems facing the world today is overpopulation. What policies do you believe governments should adopt to address the causes and effects of this problem?

What does this essay ask you to write about?

  1.  overpopulation
  2.  the causes of overpopulation
  3. the causes and effects of overpopulation
  4. policies to deal with the causes and effects of overpopulation

It is of course 4. If you try 1,2 or 3 you will lose heavily. This is an easy mistake to make and many, many candidates will do just that.

The importance of the introduction

If you want to avoid the mistake of not answering the question, you need to get the introduction right. What you must do is identify all the following:

  1. causes of overpopulation
  2. effects of overpopulation
  3. the policies to deal with causes and effects of overpopulation

If you can do that, the essay you write will almost certainly be on task. You have set the &#;programme&#; for the rest of the essay.


As a training exercise try and use these words from the question and write the introduction yourself

  • policy
  • overpopulation
  • cause
  • effect

If you do that, you are almost certainly on task. You may then look at my essay to see if you can find words/phrases to replace those words because in the ideal world you don&#;t want to repeat the language of the question too much.

Structure of the essay

This time I am only going to highlight the all-important topic sentences. I want you to see the structure. The sentences

  • come early in the paragraph
  • are short
  • are clear

You should also see that these sentences relate directly to the task of the question. If yours don&#;t, you may well go off task. Or be marked as not making the task response: &#;visible enough&#;.


One of the most pressing problems facing the world today is overpopulation. What policies do you believe governments should adopt to address the causes and effects of this problem?


The first step is to recognise what the consequences of overpopulation are. Only by doing this can we find an appropriate solution. Perhaps its most important effect is the increased rate at which we are consuming the Earth’s resources such as oil. To combat this, governments need to do more research on alternative and renewable energy supplies so that we do not use up all the oil reserves. Another negative effect of overpopulation is how some countries suffer from a lack of basic necessities such as food. Here, an answer could be greater international co-operation so that countries with a food surplus donate what they do not need to the less fortunate countries.

It is not quite so easy to decide how governments should deal with the causes of overpopulation. The Chinese have adopted legislation that requires parents to pay a special tax if they have more than one child. I doubt, however, whether this solution is realistic in other countries. Another option would be to improve levels of sex education by explaining the difficulties caused by having too many upyhoc.kvalitne.czing contraception though may be problematic in many regions on cultural and religious grounds.

In conclusion, while it may be possible to find ways to address some of the consequences of overpopulation by international co-operation, it is harder to find policies to deal with its causes. It might be that the only way forward is for different countries to adopt policies that work within their particular culture.



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