Download the Lesson Plan
In this lesson, students explore the connection between art and storytelling, focusing on how art can serve as an empowering, self-actualizing and even cathartic form of self-expression.
The video clips provided in this lesson are from Cutie and the Boxer, an Academy Award®-nominated film about the chaotic and unconventional 40-year love affair and creative partnership between action painter Ushio Shinohara and his wife, Noriko, also an artist. Ushio, who punches canvases with paint-laden gloves, is famous in Japan and in Manhattan's art circles, yet wider recognition has eluded him. Noriko, 21 years his junior, put her artistic ambitions on hold to be a wife and mother--and an assistant to her demanding husband. Now, Noriko's acclaimed "Cutie" series of drawings, depicting the relationship between the title character and a volatile figure named Bullie, is turning their world upside down.
POV offers a lending library of DVDs that you can borrow anytime during the school year--FOR FREE! Get started by joining our Community Network
By the end of this lesson, students will be able to:
- Determine how and when art can be used as a vehicle for self-expression
- Analyze the impact of art as personal storytelling on the artist and those viewing the art
- Recognize the merits and potential difficulties of presenting aspects of self in art that the public experiences
- Assess the need to present self in art and employ the most appropriate presentation medium
GRADE LEVELS: 10-12, college
Arts, Language Arts, Social Studies
- Film clips from Cutie and the Boxer and equipment on which to show them
- Chart paper, white board or a similar medium
- Medium- or large-size self-adhesive index cards or notepads
- Poster board, cut into four large strips (to be written on)
- Using Art Survey handout
ESTIMATED TIME NEEDED
One to two 50-minute class periods, and one to two additional 50-minute class periods for presentations
On the strips of poster board, write one topic per strip as follows:
Post the strips in different locations around the classroom.
The following clips contain animations and illustrations with nudity. They are suitable for mature audiences only. You may want to send a note to parents and guardians before screening them for high school students.
Video clips provided with this lesson are from Cutie and the Boxer.
Clip 1: "Pugilistic Painting" (2:58 min.)
This clip begins at 00:04:14 with Ushio and Noriko standing near a canvas, getting ready to start one of Ushio's boxing paintings. It ends at 00:07:12 with Noriko taking photo of Ushio in front of the painting.
Clip 2: "'Wham! Pow! Vroom!': Art as a Movement and Message" (4:37 min.)
This clip begins at 00:17:41 with an image of Ushio and Ethan Cohen setting up work in a gallery with the title "This show in New York which we call..." It ends at 20:48 with Noriko standing by herself in the gallery.
Clip 3: "The Story Unrolls" (2:03 min.)
This clip begins at 00:11:28 with a view of Noriko working at a table. It ends at 00:13:31 with a shift from animation to a shot of Noriko finishing the illustration.
Clip 4: "Cutie Continued" (00:59 min.)
The clip begins at 00:23:37 with a photo of Noriko. It ends at 00:24:36 with animation of Bullie watching Cutie paint and the words "It is too small."
Clip 5: "Art Interrupted" (1:07 min.)
This clip begins at 00:32:02 with Noriko sitting down in the studio and animation of Cutie saying, "At last, I can paint." It ends at 00:33:09 with animation of Ushio lying on the floor as the lights go out.
Clip 6: "Calling it My Own" (2:19 min.)
This clip begins at 00:44:39 with a side view of Noriko saying, "Ushio had always been my teacher." It ends at 00:46:58 with an image of Noriko and a friend as the friend says, "All of these together would be great for a gallery."
Clip 7: "Finally Acknowledged" (1:03 min.)
This clip begins at 00:55:09 with a shot of Noriko saying, "Shuhei, I have my work in the other space. Would you take a look?" It ends at 00:56:12 with Shuhei Yamatani saying, "For this exhibition, Ushio's art will be in my main room. But I would also like to show your work at the same time."
Clip 8: "The Gallery Walk" (1:38 min.)
This clip begins at 1:15:51 with a view of the interior of Shuhei Yamatani's gallery. It ends at 1:17:29.
- Divide students into small groups. Distribute copies of the Using Art Survey handout to students in each group. Have students review and discuss the questions. Invite each group to share its findings. Categorize student responses on a chart, such as a spider map. Ask: How do art and self-expression/storytelling relate to one another?
- Tell students they will explore how stories can be told via art. Briefly describe the artists showcased in the film.
- Show students all of the clips, in order. Either at the end of all the clips or pausing between each one, have students briefly discuss how art figures into the telling of a story and art's impact on the artist. Prompts include:
- What is the relationship between Ushio and Noriko, as defined by their art and interactions?
- What do the differences in their art styles indicate about them as individuals?
- What story does Noriko tell as a result of her relationship with Ushio and her experience as an artist?
- Why does she tell this story now through art?
- How does this artistic storytelling experience affect Noriko professionally, personally, as an artist? Is the impact a positive one? Explain. (For example, does it improve her relationship with Ushio? Or, does it make her resentful?)
- How do Noriko's art and story affect Ushio and the art world? (And how does the art world's reaction reflect Ushio's views of Noriko as an artist and a partner?)
- How do Noriko and Ushio's art forms compare?
- How do their art forms seem to reflect their personalities and the ways in which they process the world and their lives?
- Why do you think Ushio's art gets more attention than Noriko's?
- RESPONSES: How do people, the artist included, respond to personal stories reflected in art?
- RESOLUTION: What forms of resolution emerge from these works? (For example, the artist is empowered; the audience is moved by the truth the story presents, etc.)
- BENEFITS: What are the benefits of using art for storytelling and self-expression? And who benefits?
- DIFFICULTIES: What might be the negative impact of such art--on the artist, on those associated with the artist and so on?
Instruct students to reflect on each question, jot down brief thoughts and post those responses under the appropriate poster board strips.
Assign students to create their own work based on what they presented in class. Then have a class exhibition of their work, with opportunities to discuss how their work has affected them and addressed a particular life story.
- Nontraditional Art Forms: People create art using very different mediums in rather creative ways. For example, Ushio uses boxing gloves to produce powerful paintings. Show Clip 1. Then have students take a look at other unique tools artists use to create works of art. For example, artist Tian Haisu uses roller blades: http://www.fastcompany.com/3044983/the-recommender/rollerblading-meets-pollack-watch-this-artist-create-gorgeous-landscapes-on-
- Female Artists in their Own Right: Noriko experiences what many female artists who are married to famous male artists have experienced: setting aside their own artistic potential in order to support/promote their spouses; marginalization as female artists; coming into their own later and sometimes getting pushback from spouses whose art has been in the limelight. Students can further explore this historic challenge for female artists to determine whether this pattern continues to play out in the contemporary art world and whether female artists in general get the support, visibility and recognition they merit. Sites to jumpstart thinking and research:
- Art as Movement, Art as Messaging: Art is always evolving, with new styles continuously emerging from art movements that often reflect the sentiments, current events and politics of specific time periods. For example, Ushio's work is part of the larger action painting movement, which flourished in the 1950s and 1960s.
- Action painting is a style or type of painting that does not follow a certain pattern or flow. As an art, the paint is basically just splashed or smeared on to the canvas contrary to the other paintings in which the paint is carefully applied thus, creating a certain image of what the artist want to show. (Source: the-artists.org: "Action Painting" http://the-artists.org/artistsbymovement/Action-painting)
Show Clip 2. Ushio was a Neo-Dadaist, part of a group of artists who created work with an emphasis on the importance of the work of art produced rather than on the concept generating the work. The Neo-Dadaist movement was a precursor to pop art and was influenced by many avant-garde artists. Much of the art that was crafted as part of the Neo-Dada movement was made with everyday items. The work of Ushio and similar artists was often criticized as not being art.
Students can examine various art movements through time, with a focus on contemporary movements, to determine not only what influenced their establishment, but also how ideas about art change over time, and on a related note they can determine what art is and who makes that call. They can produce a journal on art movements in which they submit "peer reviewed" essays on this topic; as a focus, they might discuss how art should be approached and studied in school.
Have students research other artists who produce work with unusual elements. Here's a list to get them started:
Encourage the class to think about other nontraditional ways to produce art: What would they use? How would they use it? Students can map out what they might produce. If time allows, have students create their own nontraditional art and present it to the class, or in a school art gallery.
Art History Timelines - http://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/timelines/art_history_timelines.htm
the-artists.org: "Action Painting" - http://the-artists.org/artistsbymovement/Action-painting
The Comics Journal: "Shinohara Ushio's Action Cartooning" - http://www.tcj.com/shinohara-ushios-action-cartooning/
The Hairpin: "Interview with Cutie and the Boxer's Noriko Shinohara" - http://thehairpin.com/2013/08/interview-with-noriko-shinohara/
Japan Society: "Ushio Shinohara: Canal Street Cornucopia" - http://www.japansociety.org/ushio_shinohara
The New York Times: "The Art of War" - http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/28/nyregion/the-art-of-war.html
NPR: "'Cutie and the Boxer': Two Lives Entwined At Home, In Art" - http://www.npr.org/2013/08/18/212011972/cutie-and-the-boxer-two-lives-entwined-at-home-in-art
Ushio Shinohara - http://www.ushioshinohara.com/
Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects (http://www.corestandards.org/assets/CCSSI_ELA%20Standards.pdf)
SL.9-10.1 Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 9-10 topics, texts and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.
SL.11-12.1 Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grades 11-12 topics, texts and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.
SL.9-10.2 Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source.
SL.11-12.2 Integrate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) in order to make informed decisions and solve problems, evaluating the credibility and accuracy of each source and noting any discrepancies among the data.
RI.9-10.7 Analyze various accounts of a subject told in different mediums (e.g., a person's life story in both print and multimedia), determining which details are emphasized in each account.
RI.11-12.3 Analyze a complex set of ideas or sequence of events and explain how specific individuals, ideas or events interact and develop over the course of the text.
RI.11-12.7 Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in different media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well as in words in order to address a question or solve a problem.
Content Knowledge: (http://www.mcrel.org/standards-benchmarks/) a compilation of content standards and benchmarks for K-12 curriculum by McREL (Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning).
Language Arts, Standard 8: Uses listening and speaking strategies for different purposes.
Language Arts, Standard 9: Uses viewing skills and strategies to understand and interpret visual media.
Language Arts, Standard 10: Understands the characteristics and components of the media.
Behavioral Studies, Standard 1: Understands that group and cultural influences contribute to human development, identity and behavior.
Behavioral Studies, Standard 4: Understands conflict, cooperation and interdependence among individuals, groups and institutions.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Michele Israel owns Educational Writing & Consulting (www.micheleisrael.com), where she works with large and small educational, nonprofit and media organizations to bolster products and programs. Her rich career spans more than 25 years of successful experience developing educational materials and resources, designing and facilitating training, generating communication materials and grant proposals and assisting in organizational and program development. Her long list of clients includes Tiffany & Co., Frost Valley YMCA, Teaching Tolerance, Public Broadcasting Service, the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, WETA Public Television, Religion & Ethics Newsweekly and the New York City Harm Reduction Coalition.
Painted depictions of people engaged in everyday activities already made their appearance in 16th-century Flemish painting, such as in Pieter Balten’s Saint Martin’s Day Kermis. However, ‘genre scenes’, paintings of (seemingly) daily life, only became truly popular in the 17th century. Many works by specialists in this genre, such as Jan Steen in particular, as well as Johannes Vermeer, Gerard ter Borch II and Pieter de Hooch are found in the Rijksmuseum. Celebrated paintings include Steen’s Feast of Saint Nicholas, Vermeer’s The Kitchen Maid and his ‘Little Street’, Ter Borch’s Gallant Conversation and De Hooch’s interiors [there are at least three, which one specifically?]. Some tableaux contain salacious motifs or a moral lesson. For example, Samuel van Hoogstraten’s Anemic Lady is actually lovesick, and Pieter Pietersz’s painting of Poor Parents, Rich Children admonishes disrespectful children to honour their parents.
The Rijksmuseum has also collected many genre scenes, often with peasants and fishermen, by 19th-century painters, such as Jozef Israëls. His son Isaac Israels, and George Hendrik Breitner were chiefly interested in capturing daily life in the city.