Presentation on theme: "GCSE Textiles Technology"— Presentation transcript:
1 GCSE Textiles Technology
Controlled Assessment HandoutSummer 2011
2 Tips and hints . . . . What to do What NOT so do
Be imaginative and innovativeShow creativity, flair and originalityConsider sustainabilityDemonstrate high levels of skillsUse a range of tools and technologies skilfullyBe rigorous and demandingShow high levels of accuracy and finishBe commercially viableBe suitable for the target marketInvolve a wide variety of techniquesWhat NOT so doPretend to design but actually copy existing designsChoose and copy a commercial and then pretend to have designed something originalProduce development samples of techniques e.g. darts and hems, when the commercial pattern tells you the most appropriate techniqueAs a class activity produce decorative technique samples that are not relevant to your designMake a toile that is actually a practice of the commercial patternDon’t make it clear where a pattern has come from or how it has been developedUse a commercial pattern without modifications or showing little originality
3 Always aim for A*- C
4 How should I present my work? What does the exam board say . . . ?
5 Contents to include . . . (page titles)
Task AnalysisMood BoardShop Profile/Customer ProfileExisting Products/Consumer SurveyReview of TripThe Swinging Sixties/Punk ResearchResearch Analysis/Design SpecificationInspiration SheetInitial Design IdeasDevelopment PlanningDevelopment: Shape/Size/Colour/StyleDevelopment: TechniquesDevelopment: ConstructionDevelopment: Fabric ChoiceFurther Development: Designing an ethnic and environmentally friendly productManufacturing SpecificationPlanning for ManufactureProduction RecordAdvertisingTesting and Evaluating
6 Page 1: Task Analysis What should I include? Task Analysis Context
Design BriefTime Plan (Gantt Chart)Task Analysis (see across)KeywordsImagery to help ‘set the scene’Some ‘initial thoughts’ of what the task analysis page is aboutA conclusion – say how the thought shower has helped you.Spider Diagrams you could include:Theme - SixtiesSixties IconsSixties fashionsTheme – PunkPunk FashionPunk IconsGarmentsHigh Street StoresTask AnalysisResearch – how/where could you carry out research that is relevantTarget Market – age group and profile of the people your product must appeal to.Similar products – what existing products are available?Fabrics/Materials – what fabrics/materials could be used?Construction – how could the product be constructed?Techniques – what techniques could you use for decoration?Components – what components could be used?Processes – What processes might be involved in making it?Function – what will the product do?Environment – where will the product be used?Safety – How will you ensure the product is safe to use?Ergonomics – how will the product be designed to suit the user?Aesthetics –how will the product look/ be styled?
7 Page 2: Mood Board BE CREATIVE!!! What do I need to include?
Wide selection of images based on your theme (swinging sixties or punk)Keywords based on your themeExperimentation with textures/fabrics (swatches, rubbings etc)Evaluation of mood boardWhat have you focused on in theme?What have you found out/achieved from doing itWhich parts are you going to take further (what has inspired you the most?)What is a Mood Board?A mood board is a tool used by designers to help them get a good idea of what their clients are looking for. Mood boards are basically collages of items such as photographs, sketches, clippings, fabric swatches and colour samples.BE CREATIVE!!!
8 Page 3: Customer Profile
Page 3: Shop ProfileThis should be a few short paragraphs describing a typical store where your product would be sold. ALWAYS USE FULL SENTANCES!What is the name of the store?Topshop/Primark/Sports Direct for exampleHow many stores do they have in their chain?Use internet to find outIs it just based in the UK or is it a worldwide chain?What does it sell?Fashion/sports/work wearClothes, accessories/shoes/jewellery/bags/hatsDoes it use in-house designers?Check their website for this informationWhat current trends do they stock?What is the store layout typically like?Are products on shelves/racksAre the shops spacious/too crowdedAre all jeans together for example, or are products arranged by collections?What is the cost of the products they sell?Are they at the low/middle/high end of price rangeWhy is this?Who are their main target market?Male or female?Children/young adults for exampleInclude an image of the shop logoInclude a picture of an actual shopInclude images of the products they sellComplete an evaluation of the page (both parts)Explain what you have found out and how you can use this informationPage 3: Customer ProfileInclude the following statement‘’Below is the customer profile for the product I am designing. The profile will help me develop my designs and target my advertising and marketing’’.Describe your ‘typical’ client. Use the following questions to guide youCould be done as a list or in paragraphsDescribe the type pf person who could be your typical customerWhat is the age range of potential customers?Are potential customers likely to be male or female or does gender not matter?What is the geographical location of potential customers? Where are they likely to live?What are the most likely occupations of potential customers?What are the general likes/dislikes of potential customers?What does a typical customer want from the product you will design and manufacture?What are the most common design requirements shared by your potential customers?What factors are your potential customers likely to consider before purchasing your product?How will potential customers find out about the product you are selling?Does the cost of your product influence a customer’s decision to buy from you?
9 Page 4: Existing Products Page 4: Survey
What do I need to include?Copy and complete ‘When researching a project it is very important to look at existing designs. Often the best ideas are developed from existing designs because they can be improved and lessons learned from earlier mistakes or design faults’.Using the internet find 4 examples of products similar to what you intend to make.Copy and complete the table (shown)Use FULL SENTANCESComplete an evaluation of the pageExplain what you have found out and how you can use this informationPage 4: SurveyInclude the following statement ‘’ This questionnaire will help me design my product, because it will tell what my target market wants, and what people are prepared to buy’’Identify who the target market is, and how many people you asked questions toWrite a list of the questions you asked (approx 6 questions)Think about price, colour choice, pictures or patterns, fastenings, fabric choices, comfortable or practical and so on. What questions could you ask to help you design your product?Write as many possible choices for your questionsDraw a bar chart, pictogram, table or graph of results for each question in excel. If you choose to draw a pictogram, use pictures that represent the theme.Write a summary of your findings at the bottom of the page. This should clearly say what you have learnt from the answers to the questionnaire.ProductImageShopDescriptionPriceValue for money
10 Page 5: Educational Visit
Introduction:Where did you go?Why did you go there?Include dates, times etcMain Content:Summary of the visit in the form of a diary or a summary of what you did thereConclusion:How has the visit been beneficial?How will it help you with your project?What other things could you include?TicketPassPhotosAny leaflets or advertising from venueProgramme of eventsNotes of an interview with a person
11 Page 6: Theme Research Page 6: Research into Theme:
Use this page to research into your themeThis could be . . .Icons of the sixtiesSixties fashionSwinging sixtiesEvents of the sixtiesIcons of punkPunk fashionPunk timelinePunk musicComplete an evaluation of the pageExplain what you have found out and how you can use this informationWhat other things could you include?PhotosImageryKeywordsTimeline
12 Page 7: Design Specification
Page 7: Research AnalysisCopy and complete the following tableUSE FULL SENTANCES!!!Page 7: Design SpecificationCopy this statement out – ‘Having carried several types of research I am ready to start designing, before I do this I need to decide on criteria for my designs to meet. I am going to take these criteria firstly from brief as this was the task I was set, so these are things my designs must be. I will then look at what I found out from doing my research and the things my target market want in a product, as it is vital that my product appeals to its intended market so it sells. Finally I will look at things I could include in my designs either to make them more original or meet with my own views’.A design specification is a list of criteria which my design ideas are to be based on. I have broken it down into 3 areas:Must Criteria (choose 4/5 things from your brief or initial research which must be included in your designs)Should Criteria (Choose 3/4 things from your research which you want to include in you designs i.e colours, style of product, easy care, cost etc)Could Criteria (Identify 2/3 things that you would like your designs to include i.e. use natural fabrics, be recyclable, use specific technique or element in design)Think about purpose, target market, theme, performance, environmental issues, safety, quality, techniques, time and life expectancyResearchWhat did I do?What did I find out?How did it help me?Mood BoardVisual aidShop ProfileCustomer ProfileExisting ProductsSay that it must be commercially viableSurveyEducational VisitTheme Research
13 What does the exam board say . . . ?
14 Page 8: Inspiration Sheet
Use your mood board and your research to fill a page with sketches, doodles, drawings that are reflective of your themThis will help you with your designs and developmentsAn example is shownTipsYou could do it all in pencil and draw attention to certain parts using a little colourYou could just colour the main part, or the one which inspired you the most
15 Page 9: Initial Design Ideas
Do 6 design ideas on this page that ALL meet the specificationThey should be coloured and labelled in detail with written explanation of what idea is i.e shirt made from 100% cotton, with cad print of graffiti appliquéd on front and beadwork detail to neck ad hem line. Think about the following . . .What do you think of the design?What do you think of the colour scheme?How much will it cost to produce?Is the design safe?Will you buy it?Will you find it useful?Does your idea answer the design problem?Is it designed ergonomically?Will it suit the target market that it is designed for?What materials will be used in it’s manufacture? Why?Use BLOWOUTS to show detail
16 Page 10: Initial Design Ideas
Complete 2 more design ideas on this page in the same way you did the last 6.Compare each idea against the specification the table shownGive each idea a tick or a cross to show whether or not it meets each criteriaTotal up ticks for each ideaThis will indicate which ideas are the strongest onesAdd keywords to your page, such as innovative, imaginative, colourful, bold, fashion – anything that springs to mind that reflects your ideas/the theme/is inspirationalEvaluation of ideasSay which design was your target markets favourite, which meets specification the best and which 1 you prefer and why. Then say that you are going to take design forward and develop it in 4/5 ways to improve design.Idea 1Idea 2Idea 3Idea 4Idea 5Idea 6Idea 7Idea 8Must 1Must 2Must 3Must 4Must 5Sh 1Sh 2Sh 3Sh 4Cd 1Cd 2Cd 3Total
17 Page 11: Development Planning
Draw a spider diagram for each of the following areas and add as many ‘legs’ as you canMaterialsShapeSizeFasteningsTechniquesColourTextureComponentsConstructionHealth and safetyEnvironmentCopy and complete the tableUSE FULL SENTANCESComplete an evaluation of the pageExplain what you have found out and how you can use this informationWhat needs developing?Why? What do I need to find out?What work do I need to do?MaterialsShapeSizeFasteningsTechniques and patternColour and textureComponentsConstructionHealth and safetyEnvironment
18 Page 12: Development of shape, size, colour and style
Select your best idea carefully.You may decide that selecting aspects from many designs and putting them together as one idea is better than choosing one ideaDraw your selected idea in the centre of the page – pencil drawing with accurate details sketched onIdentify up to 6 or 7 improvements. Include headings such as Health and Safety, cost, shape / colour, Industrial manufacture, materials, and other improvements that only apply to your projectFor each heading, do a spider diagram or short paragraph exaplaining how you intend to make improvementsInclude sketches to help visualise what you are talking about.Developments can be done using CAD, or hand drawingsThey must be coloured and labelled in detail with written explanation of design idea next to each one.Evaluation of DevelopmentsEvaluate your developments stating what you have learnt, which designs you like best and why and which design you are going to develop into your final proposal.
19 Page 13 and 14: Development: Techniques
START WITH A THOUGHT SHOWER OF TECHNIQUES – include as many as possible – highlight ones you think will be appropriate/effective for your designYou then need to experiment with surface decoration techniquesDO NOT just do any techniques!Make sure they are relevant to your development drawingsAppliqué, sequins, beading, 3D pints, decorative stitching, reverse appliqué, quilting, CAD printing, transfer printing, screen printing, batik, embroidery by hand or machine etcEvaluation of DevelopmentsEvaluate your EACH OF YOUR DEVELOPMENTS stating what you have learnt, which designs you like best and why and which design you are going to develop into your final proposal.
20 Page 15: Development: Construction
Try to do an initial step by step plan of how you could construct your garmentWhat do you still need to find out – make a listFor example ‘I still need to make a paper pattern’ or ‘I still need to find out about costing’For each – list what you need to do and explain how you will do thisSketch a front and back view of your garment (no colour) and label what construction could be developedTest out different seams, hems, shaping techniques and layering (e.g. use of interfacing) that could REALISTICALLY be used on your garmentFor each sample, explain how you have made each one, the benefits of the sample, where the sample is typically used, and how it could be used on your garment.
21 Page 16: Development: Construction
Firstly, you need to experiment with, adapt and modify a commercial textiles pattern for the product you have chosenTo do this, you will be given a commercial paper pattern which you will assemble on the sewing machine using calicoYou will then model this, and with the help of your research, in order to adapt the pattern to suit your design developmentsParts can be added, taken away, adapted, proportions can be changed and so onSketch all your design details and notes onto the paper patternALL OF THIS WORK WILL BE PHOTOGRAPHED AS EVIDENCEThis calico pattern will then be used to make the actual pattern for your final product, using the garments you have chosen to dis-assemble.DO NOT make a toile that is actually a practice of the commercial patternMake it ABSOLUTELY clear where a pattern has come from or how it has been developedWhen using a commercial pattern always show your modifications and your originalityEvaluation of DevelopmentsEvaluate your developments stating what you have learnt, which designs you like best and why and which design you are going to develop into your final proposal.
22 Page 17: Development: Fabric Choice
What to include:General Introduction – describe why you are doing thisThought shower on fabrics and their properties to help you decide what to useThen, more detailed research into 3 or 4 of the most likely fabrics you will use for your garmentSamples of each of these fabricsTable of the cost of fabrics you may use i.e. cost per metreSuggested fabric specification outlining exactly what the fabric MUST do in order to be used on your product i.e. be strong and durable, be sustainable, be affordable and within the price range of my target marketAny fabric testing you have done i.e. with dyes.Evaluation of DevelopmentsEvaluate your developments stating what you have learnt, which designs you like best and why and which design you are going to develop into your final proposal.
23 Page 18: Further Development: Designing an ethnic and environmentally friendly product
What to include:A general introduction – why are you doing this page?Your responsibility as a designer – explain why you should take these issues into account.Research into how your product could be made ethical end environmentally friendlySustainabilityProduct life cycleOrganic cottonFair-tradeRecyclingRe-use of components/fabricsEnvironmental issues when using textilesUse of dyes and their environmental impactSocial and moral issuesLabelling – giving the consumer advice on how to care for the product – eco label?Conclusion: what have you learned from this page? How will it help you?
24 What does the exam board say . . . ?
25 Page 19: Manufacturing Specification
Working drawings are normally presented in a very formal manner.This means that colour and shade are not used. Outline drawings are the usual mode of presentation. Colour can hide or mask detail.A working drawing is a precise piece of work and colour or shade could make a drawing look more complicated than it actually is.What do I need to include?You need to draw detailed drawing of front and back of design, complete with;SizesFabrics usedStitches usedSeams usedHems usedComponents usedTextile techniques usedCostingPattern piecesCare labelling information (appropriate to fabric etc you have used)Fabric ‘swatches’Industrial production suggestions
26 Page 20: Planning for Manufacture
Make a list of materialsMake a list of equipmentMake a list of all the steps to make your projectInclude any decisions with the steps you will take in the making processPlace the steps in orderDecide what shapes each of your steps will beDraw out your plan of makingLink all the steps with flow linesStart / stopFlow lineProcessDecision
27 Page 21: Planning for Manufacture
Gantt ChartA Time Chart is a way of planning your project.A simple grid and the stages of the production process should be listed down the left hand side.As part of your project you need to show how much time you intend to spend making each section of the project.You should include a key which shows the amount of time that each unit represents.Start your production record on this page also.See next page for details.
28 Page 22: Production Record
As you make your product keep a note of what you achieve each lesson, any alterations you’ve had to make and why, how you feel about product, and if your time planning was realistic.PHOTOGRAPH EACH STAGE OF THE MAKING PROCESSThis page should be displayed as a series of photos/sketches/diagrams in a logical order with accompanying notes.Production records are essential when a product is being made as it records all the manufacturing problems and suggested solutions. This means that improvements can be made to the manufacturing process.Keep a note of any problems in the production record. Use it to suggest changing the way tools and equipment are used. A simple improvement to the way a product is manufactured may lift the overall quality of the finished product.A good production record will outline every stage of making the product.A GOOD production record incorporates quality control procedures which means that the product is constantly checked during its manufacture. This should ensure that the finished item is manufactured to a high standard.A production record plays a significant part in keeping a work efficient, productive and competitive.
29 What does the exam board say . . . ?
30 Page 23: Advertising my Product
THINK ABOUT . . .Sales Team Website Point of Sale Surveys Communications Distribution Department Research & Development Marketing Literature - through the post. Direct Mail Exhibitions Advertising - TV, Radio, Internet, Magazines, Newspapers, Billboards etc....Describe what advertising isTypes of advertisingDescribe what marketing isDescribe the functions of packagingDescribe what labelling isIts purposetypes of labellingFROM ALL OF THIS RESEARCH, SUGGEST HOW YOU WILL ADVERTISE YOUR PRODUCT AND EXPLAIN WHY
31 Page 24 and 25: Testing and Evaluating
Designers evaluate their finished products or prototypes in order to test whether they work well and if the design can be corrected or improved. Whatever you have designed it is important to evaluate your work constantly during the project.Evaluation can take a variety of forms: General discussion with other pupils, staff and others.Questionnaires / surveys carried out at any time during the project.Your personal views, what you think of existing designs.Most important of all - what do you think of your designs, prototypes and finished products ?Can you think of any other ways of evaluating your work ?What do you think of the overall design ? What changes would you make ?Are you happy with the materials you chose ? Would you make adjustments next time?Is the colour scheme exactly what you expected ? What alterations would you make ?Did the project take too long to make ? Would this alter the cost of manufacture ?Would it be easy to set up a production line for the manufacture of your solution ?Is your solution safe ? Could it be made safer ?Are the techniques you used to make your solution adequate or would you use a different range of manufacturing techniques?Is the solution the right size/shape ?What are the views of other people regarding your design ?Does it work ? What changes are required ?Include photos -front and back views
32 What does the exam board say . . . ?
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