Child Labor Essay example
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Child labor is considered as a form of child abuse, it being the exploitation of a child’s rights and freedoms. Therefore, child labour is when underage children are employed, this happens because a child labourer is paid less than an adult labourer. Consequently employers have more children working for them because they spend less paying the children.
“Child labor usually means work that is done by children under the age of 15 (14 in some developing countries) that restricts or damages a child's physical, emotional, social and/or spiritual growth.”1
Child labour is not something that just recently evolved. As a matter of fact, child labour dates back to the 1780s and the 1840s, where child labour was predominant worldwide. In 1788, it…show more content…
Although there are efforts to put an end to child labour in the world of today, they does not seem to be enough. This is because even though there is a decrease in the number of children that experience child labour, the change is not significant. The level of child labour continues to increase. Presumably, in the societies where child labour is the way of life, only few individuals master the courage to speak against it. Unfortunately, their voices are unheard. For instance, in India there are efforts to lessen the number of child labourers, but culture always gets in the way. This results in children working under very poor conditions that pose a danger to their health on short-term and long-term scale. However, in Canada the law states that:
“Section 72 imposes a statutory duty on every person to report certain suspicions are based, to a children’s aid society.”2
“… a professional has a legal obligation to immediately report suspected child abuse.”3
Usually, there is a reason behind everything that occurs in the world. For instance, the purpose of going to school is to educate ourselves so that we can have a bright future ahead of us. The main cause of child labour is poverty, which is heavily inclined by culture which varies with different societies. In India, culture is the way of life. Closely related to customs, culture this merely provides guidelines to the people within a society on how to conduct their daily lives.
2 Zuker, Marvin A., Randolph C.
Child Labour In India
Child labour involves making a child who is below the age of 18 years work and this work either harms the child or prevents the child from attending school, or both. India experiences the greatest levels of this type of labour around the globe. Actually, children who work in India make up 25% of all the child labour in the world.
Reasons for child labour in India and how it happens
Child labour in India happens because of two main reasons. The first one is the high poverty levels across the country. These levels are so high that it is even hard to afford food. The poverty level is attributed to the exploitation of the employees by their employers across most industries. As a result of this poverty, children usually have to try to get some extra coin at least for the purpose of getting some food. The other reason for this type of labour is the low quality of education system in India. This system does not equip children with skills that can help them earn a decent living. Therefore, parents and the children themselves are not motivated to attend school. Even though child labour is still a challenge in India, the government and some NGOs are really trying to control the situation. One way these two are using is the non-formal education program. This program allows children to work for some hours during mornings and attend classes later. This way, the children are able to get some income and something to eat, while still being able to learn.
How to control Child Labour in India
One way that the Indian government could help in reducing the country’s level of child labour is to provide cheap health services. These services are very important especially for the children. This way, child mortality levels will reduce. With low child mortality rates, parents will not wish to have many children for purposes of ensuring some of them grow into adulthood. They will rather have children they can provide for comfortably. Consequently, children will be taken to school and provided with basic needs without any need for them to work. Another solution to this menace would be educating parents. When parents understand the importance of taking their children to school and the dangers of child labour, then they will keep their children away from labouring.
One challenge that the government faces in controlling child labour is the fact that it is always informal. Moreover, charging a parent would only worsen a child’s situation.