Machining Dissertation

Abdullah, Abu (1996) Machining of aluminium based Metal Matrix Composite (MMC). PhD thesis, University of Warwick.

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Abstract

The machining of aluminium 2618 particulate reinforced Metal Matrix Composite
(MMC) with 18 vol. % silicon carbide (SiC) using cemented carbide cutting tools
has been undertaken. Two grades of cemented carbide inserts, uncoated K68 grade
and coated KC910 grade (coated with TiC and A1203) having negative and positive
rake angles (with and without chip breaker) have been used to machine this material
in order to understand the machining process, tool failure modes and wear
mechanisms. Turning tests in the speed range 15 - 10 m/min have been carried out at
0.2,0.4 and 0.6 mm/rev feed rates and 2 mm and 4 mm depths of cut.
Both cemented carbide tools have been shown to be capable of machining the MMC
and give reasonable tool lives. Low speed and high feed rate are found to be a good
combination in order to machine this material effectively. Coated KC910 grade
inserts with negative rake angle gave the best performance. The use of a chip breaker
has no significant effect on the machining process of the NMC because the material
is one which inherently short chips due to ductility limitations caused by the
particles.
Tool failure mode studies showed that the tools failed by flank wear. Tool wear
mechanism analysis indicated that abrasion wear was the tool life controlling factor
under all cutting conditions. The tool wear is related to the direct contact between
the abrasive hard SiC particles and the cutting edge and their relative motion to the
rake and clearance face. Hence, the hardness of the SiC particles is a dominant factor
for the tool wear. Two separatem odels of abrasio. n haye.b een suggested.B uilt-up
edge (BUE) which has a distinct shape was more pro i1ounced at lower cutting
speeds, high feed rates and greater depth of cut. The presence of BUE has been
found to increase tool life and reduce tool wear but at the expense of surface finish.
The increase in tool life or reduction in tool wear is likely due to the protective layer
that the BUE formed on the tool surface preventing a direct contact between the tool
and chip. Linear regression analysis showed that the value of Taylor exponent n is
high (0.8-1.0) compared to the values of n (0.2-0.3) obtained when machining steel.
This indicates that the tool life is less sensitive to cutting speed for MMC than it is
for steel.

Item Type: Thesis or Dissertation (PhD)
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):Machining, Aluminum, Metallic composites, Carbide cutting tools
Official Date:June 1996
Dates:
DateEvent
June 1996Submitted
Institution:University of Warwick
Theses Department:School of Engineering
Thesis Type:PhD
Publication Status:Unpublished
Supervisor(s)/Advisor:Pashby, I. R.
Sponsors:Malaysia ; International Islamic University Malaysia
Extent:xix, 300, [34] leaves
Language:eng

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«Завтра они скажут мне спасибо», - подумал он, так и не решив, правильно ли поступает. Набрав полные легкие воздуха, Чатрукьян открыл металлический шкафчик старшего сотрудника лаборатории систем безопасности. На полке с компьютерными деталями, спрятанными за накопителем носителей информации, лежала кружка выпускника Стэнфордского университета и тестер.

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