Economy Research Paper

A Research Paper on an Impact of Goods and Service Tax (GST) on Indian Economy

Shefali Dani*

Director, GLS (J.P.Shah) Institute of Business Administration, GLS University, India

*Corresponding Author:
Shefali Dani
Director
GLS (J.P.Shah) Institute of Business Administration
GLS University, India
Tel: 07926447636
E-mail:[email protected]

Received Date: February 16, 2016; Accepted Date: November 14, 2016; Published Date: November 20, 2016

Citation: Dani S (2016) A Research Paper on an Impact of Goods and Service Tax (GST) on Indian Economy. Bus Eco J 7: 264. doi: 10.4172/2151-6219.1000264

Copyright: © 2016 Dani S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Business and Economics Journal

View PDF Download PDF

Abstract

GST also known as the Goods and Services Tax is defined as the giant indirect tax structure designed to support and enhance the economic growth of a country. More than 150 countries have implemented GST so far. However, the idea of GST in India was mooted by Vajpayee government in 2000 and the constitutional amendment for the same was passed by the Loksabha on 6th May 2015 but is yet to be ratified by the Rajyasabha. However, there is a huge hue and cry against its implementation. It would be interesting to understand why this proposed GST regime may hamper the growth and development of the country.

Keywords

Goods and service tax; Indian economy

Introduction

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a vast concept that simplifies the giant tax structure by supporting and enhancing the economic growth of a country. GST is a comprehensive tax levy on manufacturing, sale and consumption of goods and services at a national level [1]. The Goods and Services Tax Bill or GST Bill, also referred to as The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Second Amendment) Bill, 2014, initiates a Value added Tax to be implemented on a national level in India. GST will be an indirect tax at all the stages of production to bring about uniformity in the system.

On bringing GST into practice, there would be amalgamation of Central and State taxes into a single tax payment. It would also enhance the position of India in both, domestic as well as international market. At the consumer level, GST would reduce the overall tax burden, which is currently estimated at 25-30%.

Under this system, the consumer pays the final tax but an efficient input tax credit system ensures that there is no cascading of taxes- tax on tax paid on inputs that go into manufacture of goods [2].

In order to avoid the payment of multiple taxes such as excise duty and service tax at Central level and VAT at the State level, GST would unify these taxes and create a uniform market throughout the country. Integration of various taxes into a GST system will bring about an effective cross-utilization of credits. The current system taxes production, whereas the GST will aim to tax consumption.

Experts have enlisted the benefits of GST as under:

• It would introduce two-tiered One-Country-One-Tax regime.

• It would subsume all indirect taxes at the center and the state level.

• It would not only widen the tax regime by covering goods and services but also make it transparent.

• It would free the manufacturing sector from cascading effect of taxes, thus by improve the cost-competitiveness of goods and services.

• It would bring down the prices of goods and services and thus by, increase consumption.

• It would create business-friendly environment, thus by increase tax-GDP ratio.

• It would enhance the ease of doing business in India.

Why no to GST?

However, the question is: is the picture as rosy as it is portrayed?

Wall Street firm Goldman Sachs, in a note ‘India: Q and A on GST — Growth Impact Could Be Muted’, has put out estimates that show that the Modi Government’s model for the Goods and Services Tax (GST) will not raise growth, will push up consumer prices inflation and may not result in increased tax revenue collections [3].

There appears to be certain loopholes in the proposed GST tax regime which may be detrimental in delivering the desired results. They are:

India has adopted dual GST instead of national GST. It has made the entire structure of GST fairly complicated in India. The centre will have to coordinate with 29 states and 7 union territories to implement such tax regime. Such regime is likely to create economic as well as political issues. The states are likely to lose the say in determining rates once GST is implemented. The sharing of revenues between the states and the centre is still a matter of contention with no consensus arrived regarding revenue neutral rate.

Chief Economic Advisor Arvind Subramanian on 4 December 2015 suggested GST rates of 12% for concessional goods, 17-18% for standard goods and 40% for luxury goods which is much higher than the present maximum service tax rate of 14%. Such initiative is likely to push inflation.

The proposed GST structure is likely to succeed only if the country has a strong IT network. It is a well-known fact that India is still in the budding state as far as internet connectivity is concerned. Moreover, the proposed regime seems to ignore the emerging sector of e-commerce. E-commerce does not leave signs of the transaction outside the internet and has anonymity associated with it. As a result, it becomes almost impossible to track the business transaction taking place through internet which can be business to business, business to customer or customer to customer. Again, there appears to be no clarity as to whether a product should be considered a service or a product under the concept of E-commerce. New techniques can be developed to track such transactions but until such technologies become readily accessible, generation of tax revenue from this sector would continue to be uncertain and much below the expectation. Again E-commerce has been insulated against taxation under custom duty moratorium on electronic transmissions by the WTO Bali Ministerial Conference held in 2014 [4].

Communication is considered to be necessity and one cannot do without communication. In modern times, communication has assumed the dimension of telecommunication.

The proposed GST regime appears to be unfavorable for telecommunication sector as well

“One of the major drawbacks of the GST regime could be the direct spike in the service tax rate from 14% to 20-22%” (GST: Impact on the Telecommunications Sector in India). The proposed GST appears to be silent on whether telecommunication can be considered under the category of goods or services. The entire issue of telecommunication sector assumes a serious proportion when India’s rural teledensity is not even 50% [5].

The proposed GST regime intends to keep petroleum products, electricity, real estate and liquor for human consumption out of the purview of GST

It is a well-known fact that petroleum products have been a major contributor to inflation in India. Inflation in India depends on how the government intends to include petroleum products under GST in future.

Electricity is essential for the growth and development of India. If electricity is included under standard or luxury goods in future then it would badly affect the development of India. It is said that GST would impact negatively on the real estate market. It would add up to 8% to the cost of new homes and reduce demand by about 12%.

The proposed GST regime “would be capable of being levied on sale of newspapers and advertisements therein”

This would give the governments the access to substantial incremental revenues since this industry has historically been tax free in its entirety” [6]. It sounds ridiculous but the provision of GST is likely to make the supervision of operations by its Board/senior managers across the company’s offices in different parts of the country a taxable service by allowing each state to raise a GST demand on the company.

Again there appears to be lack of consensus over fixing the revenue rate as well as threshold limit. One thing is for sure, services in India are going to be steeply costly if GST is fixed above the present service tax rate of 14% which in turn will spiral up inflation in India. “Asian countries which implemented GST all had witnessed retail inflation in the year of implementation [6,7].

Conclusion

The proposed GST regime is a half-hearted attempt to rationalize indirect tax structure. More than 150 countries have implemented GST. The government of India should study the GST regime set up by various countries and also their fallouts before implementing it. At the same time, the government should make an attempt to insulate the vast poor population of India against the likely inflation due to implementation of GST. No doubt, GST will simplify existing indirect tax system and will help to remove inefficiencies created by the existing current heterogeneous taxation system only if there is a clear consensus over issues of threshold limit, revenue rate, and inclusion of petroleum products, electricity, liquor and real estate. Until the consensus is reached, the government should resist from implementing such regime.

References

  1. The Economic Times (2009) Featured Articles from The Economic Times.
  2. Gst India (2015) Economy and Policy.
  3. Mehra P (2015) Modi govt.’s model for GST may not result in significant growth push. The Hindu.
  4. Sardana M (2005) Evolution Of E?Commerce In India Part 3.
  5. TRAI (2015) Highlights of Telecom Subscription Data as on 28th February.
  6. Patrick M (2015) Goods and Service Tax: Push for Growth. Centre for Public Policy Research (CPPR).
  7. SKP (2014) GST: Impact on the Telecommunications Sector in India.
Post your comment

Recommended Journals

Article Usage

  • Total views: 74740
  • [From(publication date):
    December-2016 - Mar 11, 2018]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 61502
  • PDF downloads : 13238
Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language

Corrections

All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hhs:sunrpe. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sten Nyberg). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/neisuse.html .

Content

2017

  • 2017:8 Fiscal Consolidation Programs and Income Inequality
    by Brinca, Pedro & Ferreira, Miguel & Franco, Francesco & Holter, Hans & Malafry, Laurence
  • 2017:7 Brexit - balancing trade and mobility?
    by Forslid, Rikard & Nyberg, Sten
  • 2017:6 Why are real interest rates so low? Evidence from a structural VAR with sign restrictions
    by Alexius, Annika
  • 2017:5 Political Power, Resistance to Technological Change and Economic Development: Evidence from the 19th century Sweden
    by Tyrefors Hinnerich, Bjorn & Lindgren, Erik & Pettersson-Lidbom, Per
  • 2017:4 Trade Liberalization, Transboundary Pollution and Market Size
    by Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro & Sanctuary, Mark
  • 2017:3 Sizing Up the Impact of Embassies on Exports
    by Ferguson, Shon & Forslid, Rikard
  • 2017:2 Water Improvement and Health: Historical Evidence on the Effect of Filtering Water on Urban Mortality
    by Knutsson, Daniel
  • 2017:1 Pass-through with low inflation and volatile exchange rates
    by Alexius, Annika & Holmberg, Mikaela

2016

2015

  • 2015:11 Seasonality in the Frequency of Price Change and Optimal Monetary Policy
    by Söderberg, Johan
  • 2015:10 Mismatch of Talent Evidence on Match Quality, Entry Wages, and Job Mobility
    by Fredriksson, Peter & Hensvik, Lena & Nordström Skans, Oskar
  • 2015:9 Parental responses to public investments in children: Evidence from a maximum class size rule
    by Fredriksson, Peter & Ockert, Bjorn & Oosterbeek, Hessel
  • 2015:8 Health, Work Capacity and Retirement in Sweden
    by Johansson, Per & Laun, Lisa & Palme, Marten
  • 2015:7 Gender and altruism in a random sample
    by Boschini, Anne & Dreber, Anna & von Essen, Emma & Muren, Astri & Ranehill, Eva
  • 2015:6 Education and Criminal Behavior: Insights from an Expansion of Upper Secondary School
    by Åslund, Olof & Grönqvist, Hans & Hall, Caroline & Vlachos, Jonas
  • 2015:5 Stocks and GDP in the long run
    by Alexius, Annika & Spång, Daniel
  • 2015:4 Firms and skills: the evolution of worker sorting
    by Håkanson, Christina & Lindqvist, Erik & Vlachos, Jonas
  • 2015:3 Dynamic Banking with Endogenous Risk Based Funding Cost: Value Maximization, Risk-taking, Responses to Regulation and Credit Contraction
    by Larsson, Bo & Wijkander, Hans
  • 2015:2 Why are firms that export cleaner? International trade, Abatement and Environmental Emissions
    by Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro & Ulltveit-Moe, Karen Helene
  • 2015:1 Fair prices, sticky information, and the business cycle
    by Söderberg, Johan

2014

  • 2014:6 Gender and economic preferences in a large random sample
    by Boschini, Anne & Dreber, Anna & von Essen, Emma & Muren, Astri & Ranehill, Eva
  • 2014:5 Comment on Dahlberg, Edmark and Lundqvist (2012)
    by Nekby, Lena & Pettersson-Lidbom, Per
  • 2014:4 Local and Consistent Centrality Measures in Networks
    by Zenou, Yves & Dequiedt, Vianney
  • 2014:3 Public Order and Private Payments: Paying for Police Services at Events
    by Nyberg, Sten & Priks, Mikael
  • 2014:2 The interbank market risk premium, central bank interventions, and measures of market liquidity
    by Alexius, Annika & Birenstam, Helene & Eklund, Johanna
  • 2014:1 Do payroll tax cuts raise youth employment?
    by Egebark, Johan & Kaunitz, Niklas

2013

  • 2013:15 The Skill Complementarity of Broadband Internet
    by Akerman, Anders & Gaarder, Ingvil & Mogstad, Magne
  • 2013:14 The Social Egoist
    by Boschini, Anne & Muren, Astri & Persson, Mats
  • 2013:13 Distortions in the Neoclassical Growth Model: A Cross-Country Analysis
    by Brinca, Pedro
  • 2013:12 Can Indifference Make the World Greener?
    by Egebark, Johan & Ekström, Mathias
  • 2013:11 Can fiscal austerity be expansionary in present Europe? The lessons from Sweden
    by Erixon, Lennart
  • 2013:10 Education, Cognition and Health: Evidence from a Social Experiment
    by Meghir, Costas & Palme, Mårten & Simeonova, Emilia
  • 2013:9 Which Firms are Left in the Periphery? - Spatial Sorting of Heterogeneous Firms with Scale Economies in Transportation
    by Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro
  • 2013:8 Trade, Transboundary Pollution and Market Size
    by Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro & Sanctuary, Mark
  • 2013:7 Life-cycle effects of age at school start
    by Fredriksson, Peter & Öckert, Björn
  • 2013:6 A matter of transient anonymity: Discrimination by gender and foreignness in online auctions
    by von Essen, Emma & Karlsson, Jonas Karlsson
  • 2013:5 Ethnic Diversity and Preferences for Redistribution: Reply
    by Dahlberg, Matz & Edmark, Karin & Lundqvist, Heléne
  • 2013:4 A Darwinian theory of transformation pressure – the stimuli of negative shocks for productivity and renewal in established firms
    by Erixon, Lennart
  • 2013:3 Long-term intergenerational persistence of human capital: an empirical analysis of four generations
    by Lindahl, Mikael & Palme, Mårten & Sandgren Massih, Sofia & Sjögren, Anna
  • 2013:2 A test of the Becker-Tomes model of human capital transmission using microdata on four generations
    by Lindahl, Mikael & Palme, Mårten & Sandgren Massih, Sofia & Sjögren, Anna
  • 2013:1 In-Work Benefits and the Nordic Model
    by Kolm, Ann-Sofie & Tonin, Mirco

2012

  • 2012:14 The E ffect of Age-Targeted Tax Credits on Retirement Behavior
    by Laun, Lisa
  • 2012:13 Does Privatization of Vocational Rehabilitation Improve Labor Market Opportunities? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Sweden
    by Laun, Lisa & Skogman Thoursie, Peter
  • 2012:12 The headmaster ritual: The importance of management for school outcomes
    by Böhlmark, Anders & Grönqvist, Erik & Vlachos, Jonas
  • 2012:11 When do Firms Break the Law in Order to Reduce Marginal Cost? - An Application to the Problem of Environmental Inspection
    by Häckner, Jonas & Herzing, Mathias
  • 2012:10 Social context and fairness perceptions: The role of status
    by Albrecht, Konstanze & von Essen, Emma & Falk, Armin & Fliessbach, Klaus & Ranehill, Eva
  • 2012:9 Revisiting the Relationship between Ethnic Diversity and Preferences for Redistribution
    by Nekby, Lena & Pettersson-Lidbom, Per
  • 2012:8 Long-term effects of class size
    by Fredriksson, Peter & Öckert, Björn & Oosterbeek, Hessel
  • 2012:7 Airports and the Production of Goods and Services
    by Sheard, Nicholas
  • 2012:6 Political influence on environmental sanction charges in Swedish municipalities
    by Sjöberg, Eric
  • 2012:5 Edutainment Radio, Women's Status and Primary School Participation: Evidence from Cambodia
    by Cheung, Maria
  • 2012:4 Education, Health and Mortality: Evidence from a Social Experiment
    by Meghir, Costas & Palme, Mårten & Simeonova, Emilia
  • 2012:3 Banking on Regulations?
    by Larsson, Bo & Wijkander, Hans
  • 2012:2 Counterfeiting and Consumption Externalities - A Closer Look
    by Häckner, Jonas & Muren, Astri

2011

  • 2011:28 Do Watching Eyes Affect Charitable Giving? Evidence from a Field Experiment
    by Ekström, Mathias
  • 2011:27 Like What You Like or Like What Others Like? - Conformity and Peer Effects on Facebook
    by Egebark, Johan & Ekström, Mathias
  • 2011:26 Age at pubertal onset and educational outcomes
    by Dreber, Anna & von Essen, Emma & Ranehill, Eva
  • 2011:25 Under the influence of traumatic events, new ideas, economic experts and the ICT revolution - the economic policy and macroeconomic performance of Sweden in the 1990s and 2000s
    by Erixon, Lennart
  • 2011:24 Autocracies and Development in a Global Economy: A Tale of Two Elites
    by Akerman, Anders & Larsson, Anna & Naghavi, Alireza
  • 2011:23 The Effect of Education Policy on Crime: An Intergenerational Perspective
    by Meghir, Costas & Palme, Mårten & Schnabel, Marieke
  • 2011:22 The Dual Policy in the Dual Economy - The Political Economy of Urban Bias in Dictatorial Regimes
    by Shifa, Abdulaziz
  • 2011:21 The Comparative Political Economy of Economic Geography
    by Wiberg, Magnus
  • 2011:20 Formalizing a new approach to economic policy - Bent Hansen, Gösta Rehn and the Swedish model
    by Erixon, Lennart
  • 2011:19 The Effects of Trade on Unemployment: Evidence from 20 OECD countries
    by Kim, Jaewon
  • 2011:18 Why do Some Studies Show that Generous Unemployment Benefits Increase Unemployment Rates? A Meta-Analysis of Cross-Country Studies
    by Kim, Jaewon
  • 2011:17 Learning to export and the timing of entry to export markets
    by Sheard, Nicholas
  • 2011:16 Formation and Persistence of Oppositional Identities
    by Bisin, Alberto & Patacchini, Eleonora & Verdier, Thierry & Zenou, Yves
  • 2011:15 Gender and Cooperation in Children: Experiments in Colombia and Sweden
    by Cárdenas, Juan-Camilo Cárdenas & Dreber, Anna Dreber & von Essen, Emma & Ranehill, Eva
  • 2011:14 Gender and Competition in Adolescence: Task Matter
    by Dreber, Anna & von Essen, Emma & Ranehill, Eva
  • 2011:13 Identity and Social Distance in Friendship Formation
    by de Marti, Joan & Zenou, Yves
  • 2011:12 Is It How You Look or Speak That Matters? - An Experimental Study Exploring the Mechanisms of Ethnic Discrimination
    by Rödin, Magnus & Özcan, Gülay
  • 2011:11 Regional Policy in a Multiregional Setting: When the Poorest are Hurt by Subsidies
    by Sheard, Nicholas
  • 2011:10 Institution-Driven Comparative Advantage, Complex Goods and Organizational Choice
    by Ferguson, Shon & Formai, Sara
  • 2012:1 Transmission of Human Capital across Four Generations: Intergenerational Correlations and a Test of the Becker-Tomes Model
    by Lindahl, Mikael & Palme, Mårten & Sandgren Massih, Sofia & Sjögren, Anna
  • 2011:9 What active labor market policy works in a recession?
    by Forslund, Anders & Fredriksson, Peter & Vikström, Johan
  • 2011:8 Social Networks and Interactions in Cities
    by Helsley, Robert & Zenou, Yves
  • 2011:7 Criminal Networks: Who is the Key Player?
    by Liu, Xiaodong & Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves & Lee, Lung-Fei
  • 2011:6 Systemic Risk and Network Formation in the Interbank Market
    by Cohen-Cole, Ethan & Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves
  • 2011:5 Spatial versus Social Mismatch: The Strength of Weak Ties
    by Zenou, Yves
  • 2011:4 Dynamic Aspects of Teenage Friendships and Educational Attainment
    by Patacchini, Eleonora & Rainone, Edoardo & Zenou, Yves
  • 2011:3 Cultural Transmission, Discrimination and Peer Effects
    by Sáez-Martí, Maria & Zenou, Yves
  • 2011:2 Ethnic Identity and Labor-Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe
    by Bisin, Alberto & Patacchini, Eleonora & Verdier, Thierry & Zenou, Yves
  • 2011:1 Dominance and Submission: Social Status Biases Economic Sanctions
    by von Essen, Emma & Ranehill, Eva

2010

  • 2010:28 On the Development Strategy of Countries of Intermediate size - An Analysis of Heterogenous Fims in a Multiregion Framework
    by Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro
  • 2010:27 Are Married Spouses Insured by their Partners’ Social Insurance?
    by Olsson, Martin & Skogman Thoursie, Peter
  • 2010:26 Endogenous Product Differentiation, Market Size and Prices
    by Ferguson, Shon
  • 2010:25 Disability Insurance, Population Health and Employment in Sweden
    by Jönsson, Lisa & Palme, Mårten & Svensson, Ingemar
  • 2010:24 Peers, Neighborhoods and Immigrant Student Achievement - Evidence from a Placement Policy
    by Åslund, Olof & Edin, Per-Anders & Fredriksson, Peter & Grönqvist, Hans
  • 2010:23 Inter- and Intra-Marriage Premiums Revisited: It’s probably who you are, not who you marry!
    by Nekby, Lena
  • 2010:22 Search, Wage Posting, and Urban Spatial Structure
    by Zenou, Yves
  • 2010:21 Job Contact Networks and the Ethnic Minorities
    by Battu, Harminder & Seaman, Paul & Zenou, Yves Zenou
  • 2010:20 Social Interactions and Spillovers
    by Cabrales, Antonio & Calvó-Armengol, Antoni & Zenou, Yves
  • 2010:19 Search, Migration, and Urban Land Use: The Case of Transportation Policies
    by Zenou, Yves
  • 2010:18 Gender Differences in Competitiveness and Risk Taking: Comparing Children in Colombia and Sweden
    by Cárdenas, Juan-Camilo & Dreber, Anna & von Essen, Emma & Ranehill, Eva
  • 2010:17 Spatial Relocation with Heterogeneous Firms and Heterogeneous Sectors
    by Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro
  • 2010:16 Technology Upgrading, Exporting and Heterogeneous Firms
    by Ferguson, Shon
  • 2010:15 Every Viewer has a Price - On the Differentiation of TV Channels
    by Häckner, Jonas & Nyberg, Sten
  • 2010:14 Service Outsourcing and Specialization: A Theory on Endogeneous Task Scope
    by Akerman, Anders & Py, Loriane
  • 2010:13 Is the psychology of high profits favorable to industrial renewal? Experimental evidence for the theory of transformation pressure and Schumpeterian economics
    by Erixon, Lennart & Johannesson, Louise
  • 2010:12 Does Hidden Information Make Trade Liberalization More Fragile?
    by Herzing, Mathias
  • 2010:11 Sveriges Riksbank's Inflation Interval Forecasts 1999-2005
    by Lundholm, Michael
  • 2010:10 Are Inflation Forecasts from Major Swedish Forecasters Biased?
    by Lundholm, Michael
  • 2010:9 Sector Differences in Glass Ceiling in Sweden -Is It Tied to Occupational Segregation?
    by Özcan, Gülay
  • 2010:8 Comparative Trade Policy
    by Wiberg, Magnus
  • 2010:7 Democracy as a Middle Ground: A Uni…ed Theory of Development and Political Regimes
    by Larsson, Anna & Parente, Stephen
  • 2010:6 Corporate Tax Systems and the Location of Industry
    by Wiberg, Magnus
  • 2010:5 Political Participation, Regional Policy and the Location of Industry
    by Wiberg, Magnus
  • 2010:4 sifds: Swedish inflation forecast data set 1999:Q2–2005:Q2
    by Lundholm, Michael
  • 2010:3 The Black Economy and Education
    by Kolml, Ann-Sofie & Larsen, Birthe
  • 2010:2 The Global Arms Trade Network 1950-2007
    by Akerman, Anders & Larsson, Anna
  • 2010:1 A Theory on the Role of Wholesalers in International Trade based on Economies of Scope
    by Akerman, Anders

2009

  • 2009:19 Rich Dad, Smart Dad: Decomposing the Intergenerational Transmission of Income
    by Lefgren, Lars & Lindquist, Matthew & Sims, David
  • 2009:18 Like Godfather, Like Son: Explaining the Intergenerational Nature of Crime
    by Hjalmarsson, Randi & Lindquist, Matthew
  • 2009:17 Outrunning the Gender Gap – Boys and Girls Compete Equally
    by Dreber, Anna & Emma, von Essen & Ranehill, Eva
  • 2009:16 Driving Under the Influence of Our Fathers
    by Hjalmarsson, Randi & Lindquist, Matthew
  • 2009:15 Constructing Gender in the Economics Lab
    by Boschini, Anne & Muren, Astri & Persson, Mats
  • 2009:14 Forecasting with a DSGE Model of the term Structure of Interest Rates: The Role of the Feedback
    by Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2009:13 Children's First Names and Immigration Background in France
    by Arai, Mahmood & Besancenot, Damien & Huynh, Kim & Skalli, Ali
  • 2009:12 What Drives the Term Structure in the Euro Area? Evidence from a Model with Feedback
    by Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2009:11 Money-Market Segmentation in the Euro Area: What has Changed During the Turmoil?
    by Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2009:10 TIPping the Scales towards Greater Employment Chances? Evaluation of a Trial Introduction Program (TIP) for Newly-Arrived Immigrants based on Random Program Assignment
    by Andersson Joona , Pernilla & Nekby, Lena
  • 2009:9 Development Blocks, Faulty Investment and Structural Tensions – The Åkerman- Dahmén Theory of the Business Cycle
    by Erixon, Lennart
  • 2009:8 A Further Look at the 2004 Reform of the Operational Framework of the ECB
    by Marzo, Massimiliano & Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2009:7 Macroeconomic Factors and Oil Futures Prices: A Data-Rich Model
    by Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2009:4 Social Interaction and Sickness Absence
    by Lindbeck, Assar & Palme, Mårten & Persson, Mats
  • 2009:3 Do Gender Quotas Influence Women’s Representation and Policies?
    by Chen, Li-Ju
  • 2009:2 Women in Politics: A New Instrument for Studying the Impact of Education on Growth
    by Chen, Li-Ju
  • 2009:1 The Comovements Along the Term Structure of Oil Forwards in Periods of High and Low Volatility: How Tight Are They?
    by Marzo, Massimiliano & Zagaglia, Paolo

2008

  • 2009:6 On Fragile Grounds: A Replication of Are Muslim Immigrants Different in Terms of Cultural Integration? Technical Documentation
    by Arai, Mahmood & Karlsson, Jonas & Lundholm, Michael
  • 2009:5 On Fragile Grounds: A Replication of Are Muslim Immigrants Different in Terms of Cultural Integration?
    by Arai, Mahmood & Karlsson, Jonas & Lundholm, Michael
  • 2008:8 A Social Innovation or a Product of Its Time? The Rehn-Meidner Model’s Relation to Contemporary Economics and the Stockholm School
    by Erixon, Lennart
  • 2008:7 Determinacy of Interest Rate Rules with Bond Transaction Services in a Cashless Economy
    by Marzo, Massimiliano & Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2008:6 A Continuous-Time Model of the Term Structure of Interest Rates with Fiscal-Monetary Policy Interactions
    by Marzo, Massimiliano & Romagnoli , Silvia & Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2008:5 The Sources of Volatility Transmission in the Euro Area Money Market: From Longer Maturities to the Overnight?
    by Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2008:4 Between Meritocracy and Ethnic Discrimination: The Gender Difference
    by Arai, Mahmood & Moa Bursell , Moa & Nekby, Lena
  • 2008:3 The Employment Effect of Stricter Rules for Eligibility for DI: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Sweden
    by Karlström, Anders & Palme, Mårten & Svensson, Ingemar
  • 2008:2 The Rehn-Meidner Model in Sweden: Its Rise, Challenges and Survival
    by Erixon, Lennart
  • 2008:1 Female Policymaker and Educational Expenditure: Cross-Country Evidence
    by Chen, Li-Ju

2007

  • 2007:17 What Determines Top Income Shares? Evidence from the Twentieth Century
    by Roine, Jesper & Vlachos, Jonas & Waldenström, Daniel
  • 2007:16 Along the Forward Curve for Natural Gas: Unobservable Shocks and Dynamic Correlations
    by Spargoli, Fabrizio & Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2007:15 The Comovements between Futures Markets for Crude Oil: Evidence from a Structural GARCH Model
    by Spargoli, Fabrizio & Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2007:14 Country Size, Trade, and Productivity: An Analysis of Heterogenous Firms and Differential Beachhead Costs
    by Akerman, Anders & Forslid, Rikard
  • 2007:13 Specialization in Higher Education and Economic Growth
    by von Greiff, Camilo
  • 2007:12 Effects of Redistribution Policies - Who Gains and Who Loses?
    by von Greiff, Camilo
  • 2007:11 Conditional Leptokurtosis in Energy Prices: Multivariate Evidence from Futures Markets
    by Marzo, Massimiliano & Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2007:10 Enrollment in higher education, ability and growth
    by von Greiff, Camilo
  • 2007:9 Volatility forecasting for crude oil futures
    by Marzo, Massimiliano & Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2007:8 Democratization and Child Mortality
    by Kiessling, Johan
  • 2007:7 Acculturation Identity and Labor Market Outcomes
    by Nekby, Lena & Rödin, Magnus
  • 2007:6 Do Domestic Educations Even Out the Playing Field? Ethnic Labor Market Gaps in Sweden
    by Nekby, Lena & Vilhelmsson, Roger & Özcan, Gülay
  • 2007:5 Distortionary Tax Instruments and Implementable Monetary Policy
    by Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2007:4 Parental Income, Lifetime Income and Mortality
    by Palme, Mårten & Sandgren, Sofia
  • 2007:3 Gender and Self-Selection Into a Competitive Environment: Are Women More Overconfident Than Men?
    by Nekby, Lena & Skogman Thoursie , Peter & Vahtrik, Lars
  • 2007:2 Compositional and dynamic Laffer effects in models with constant returns to scale
    by Fredriksson, Anders
  • 2007:1 Fiscal Implications of Emigration
    by Johansson, Lars

2006

  • 2006:13 Giving up Foreign Names: An Empirical Examination of Surname Change and Earnings
    by Arai, Mahmood & Skogman Thoursie, Peter
  • 2006:12 In-Work Benefits in Search Equilibrium
    by Kolm, Ann-Sofie & Tonin, Mirco
  • 2006:11 Fiscal Implications of Aids in South Africa
    by Johansson, Lars
  • 2006:10 The Determinants of Labor Market Institutions: A Panel Data Study
    by Kim, Jaewon
  • 2006:9 Maternal Addiction to Parental Leave
    by Engström, Per & Kolm, Ann-Sofie & Liang, Che-Yuan
  • 2006:8 Optimal Opportunistic Monetary Policy in a New-Keynesian Model
    by Marzo, Massimiliano & Strid, Ingvar & Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2006:7 Institutions and ICT Adoption
    by Kiessling, Johan
  • 2006:6 Bevolent Planners, Malevolent Dictators and Democratic Voters
    by Agell, Jonas & Persson, Mats
  • 2006:5 Does the Yield Spread Predict the Output Gap in the U.S.?
    by Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2006:4 The Predictive Power of the Yield Spread under the Veil of Time
    by Zagaglia, Paolo
  • 2006:3 Job Security and Work Absence: Evidence from a Natural Experiment
    by Lindbeck, Assar & Palme, Mårten & Persson, Mats
  • 2006:2 Intergenerational Mobility, Human Capital Transmission and the Earnings of Second-Generation Immigrants in Sweden
    by Hammarstedt , Mats & Palme, Mårten
  • 2006:1 The Becker Paradox and Type I vs. Type II Errors in the Economics of Crime
    by Persson, Mats & Siven, Claes-Henric

2005

  • 2005:10 Travelling Along the Third Way. A Swedish Model of Stabilisation, Equity and Growth
    by Erixon, Lennart
  • 2005:9 Young Liberals and Old Conservatives - Inequality, Mobility and Redistribution
    by Muren, Astri & Nyberg, Sten
  • 2005:8 War and Peace - Cyclical Phenomena?
    by Jacobsson, Adam
  • 2005:7 Monetary Equilbrium
    by Siven, Claes-Henric
  • 2005:6 When do Countries Introduce Competition Policy?
    by Forslid, Rikard & Häckner , Jonas & Muren, Astri
  • 2005:5 Under-reporting of Income and Labor Market Performance
    by Kolm, Ann-Sofie & Nielsen, Søren Bo
  • 2005:4 Tax Effects of Unemployment and the Choice of Educational Type
    by Alstadsæter, Annette & Kolm, Ann-Sofie & Larsen, Birthe
  • 2005:3 Cost-Benefit Analysis and the Marginal Cost of Public Funds
    by Lundholm, Michael
  • 2005:2 Can We Trust Private Firms as Suppliers of Vaccine for the Avian Influenza?
    by Forslid, Rikard
  • 2005:1 Two-sided network effects, bank interchange fees, and the allocation of fixed costs
    by Bergman, Mats

2004

  • 2004:17 A Generalized Hybrid Approach to Controlling Emissions
    by Mandell, Svante
  • 2004:16 EU's Emissions Trading System in the Presence of National Emission Targets
    by Carlén, Björn
  • 2004:15 Trademark Dilution - A Welfare Analysis
    by Häckner, Jonas & Muren, Astri
  • 2004:14 Drug Lords, Rebel Movements and Anti-Drug policies in Source Contries
    by Naranjo, Alberto
  • 2004:13 How Do Drug Lords in Final Destination Countries Respond to Anti-Drug Policies?
    by Jacobsson, Adam & Naranjo, Alberto
  • 2004:12 Optimal Mix of Price and Quantity Regulation under Uncertainty
    by Mandell, Svante
  • 2004:11 Is Team Formation Gender Neutral? Evidence from coauthorship patterns
    by Boschini, Anne & Sjögren, Anna
  • 2004:10 Is it what you do or where you work that matters most? Gender composition and the gender wage gap revisited
    by Arai, Mahmood & Nekby, Lena & Skogman Thoursie, Peter
  • 2004:9 Merger Policy with Alternative Mergers and Efficiency Gains
    by Razo, Carlos
  • 2004:8 Merges in Congested Markets
    by Häckner, Jonas & Razo, Carlos
  • 2004:7 The Emigration of Immigrants, Return vs. Onward Migration: Evidence from Sweden
    by Nekby, Lena
  • 2004:6 Decentralising Public Goods Production
    by Lundholm, Michael
  • 2004:5 The Effect of the Euro on Foreign Direct Investment
    by Petroulas, Pavlos
  • 2004:4 Short-Term Capital Flows and Growth in Developed and Emerging Markets Pavlos
    by Petroulas, Pavlos
  • 2004:3 Income Inequality and Crime: The Case of Sweden
    by Nilsson, Anna
  • 2004:2 Does a Wait and See Approach to European Integration Shelter the Industrial Base of Small Countries?
    by Forslid, Rikard
  • 2004:1 Unrealistic Optimism about Exogenous Events: An Experimental Test
    by Muren, Astri

2003

Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *